\"Chinese submarine is coming! \"India's\" Degan Herald \"5, compared with the development of China-India underwater fleet in recent years can be found that the gap between the two countries'submarine forces is still widening. Reported that China's submarine forces in recent years rapid progress, has greatly narrowed the gap with the United States. According to US intelligence estimates, China now has four strategic nuclear submarines, five attack nuclear submarines and 47 conventional submarines. That number will soon rise to 78, including 11 nuclear submarines. Statistics show that, from 1995 to 2016, the average number of Chinese submarines increased every year,\" dwarfing most countries around the globe \".
India, by contrast, is almost the other extreme. India has one strategic submarine, one attack submarine and 14 conventional submarines. \"India's submarines not only have a clear gap in size with China, but they have a much worse reality behind them -12 of them for more than 25 years!\" In 1999, India, like China, had also proposed ambitious submarine-building plans, announcing that 24 new conventional submarines would be built by 2030, but the progress of the project was seriously lagging behind, with only two new submarines serving in nearly 20 years. In December 2019, the Indian Navy again proposed plans to build six nuclear submarines and 18 conventional submarines. But the report said the first submarine could take 15 years to join the Indian navy, given the technical difficulty of building it.
Why does India attach so much importance to the contrast of Chinese and Indian submarines? Underwater in the Indian Ocean, India's submarines still have a numerical advantage, but that advantage could soon be reversed as Chinese navies increasingly enter the Indian Ocean, the report said. \"Over the past year, the number of Chinese submarines in the northern and eastern Indian Ocean is expected to increase in frequency.\" \"India cannot ignore the crucial role of submarines in both maritime control and naval blockade.\" (Takehiko)