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外媒中国将新增20艘常规潜艇2艘核潜艇潜艇印度中国
2020-01-08 00:27  www.sghunter.com

  “中国潜艇来了!”印度《德干先驱报》5日称,对比中印水下舰队近年的发展就能发现,两国潜艇部队的差距还在拉大。报道称,中国潜艇部队近年来飞速进步,已经极大缩小了与美国的差距。根据美国情报机构的估算,中国现有4艘战略核潜艇、5艘攻击核潜艇与47艘常规潜艇。未来这一数字很快将上升为78艘,包括11艘核潜艇。统计数据显示,从1995年到2016年,中国潜艇平均每年增加艘,“这种速度让全球大多数国家都相形见绌”。

\"Chinese submarine is coming! \"India's\" Degan Herald \"5, compared with the development of China-India underwater fleet in recent years can be found that the gap between the two countries'submarine forces is still widening. Reported that China's submarine forces in recent years rapid progress, has greatly narrowed the gap with the United States. According to US intelligence estimates, China now has four strategic nuclear submarines, five attack nuclear submarines and 47 conventional submarines. That number will soon rise to 78, including 11 nuclear submarines. Statistics show that, from 1995 to 2016, the average number of Chinese submarines increased every year,\" dwarfing most countries around the globe \".

  相比之下,印度几乎是另一个极端。报道称,印度现有1艘战略核潜艇、1艘攻击核潜艇与14艘常规潜艇。“印度潜艇不但在规模上与中国有明显差距,而且在其背后有着更糟糕的现实——其中12艘服役时间超过25年!”报道感叹称,1999年,印度也曾与中国一样提出雄心勃勃的潜艇建造计划,宣布将在2030年建造24艘新型常规潜艇,但该项目进展严重滞后,近20年只有2艘新潜艇服役。印度海军在2019年12月再度提出规划,宣布将建造6艘核潜艇和18艘常规潜艇。但报道认为,考虑到核潜艇的建造技术难度,第一艘核潜艇可能将花费15年才能加入印度海军。

India, by contrast, is almost the other extreme. India has one strategic submarine, one attack submarine and 14 conventional submarines. \"India's submarines not only have a clear gap in size with China, but they have a much worse reality behind them -12 of them for more than 25 years!\" In 1999, India, like China, had also proposed ambitious submarine-building plans, announcing that 24 new conventional submarines would be built by 2030, but the progress of the project was seriously lagging behind, with only two new submarines serving in nearly 20 years. In December 2019, the Indian Navy again proposed plans to build six nuclear submarines and 18 conventional submarines. But the report said the first submarine could take 15 years to join the Indian navy, given the technical difficulty of building it.

  为何印度这般重视中印潜艇的对比?报道称,在印度洋的水下,印度潜艇目前还保持着数量优势,但随着中国海军越来越多地进入印度洋,这种优势可能很快将被扭转。“过去一年,中国潜艇多次出没于印度洋北部和东部,预计未来出没的频率还将增加”。“由于潜艇在海上控制与海上封锁都能发挥关键作用,印度不能对此保持无视。”▲(武彦)

Why does India attach so much importance to the contrast of Chinese and Indian submarines? Underwater in the Indian Ocean, India's submarines still have a numerical advantage, but that advantage could soon be reversed as Chinese navies increasingly enter the Indian Ocean, the report said. \"Over the past year, the number of Chinese submarines in the northern and eastern Indian Ocean is expected to increase in frequency.\" \"India cannot ignore the crucial role of submarines in both maritime control and naval blockade.\" (Takehiko)